Calculating Christmas

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Almost no one minds, except for a few groups on the fringes of American Evangelicalism, who seem to think that this makes Christmas itself a pagan festival. Tighe A Mistake The idea that the date was taken from the pagans goes back to two scholars from the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. Dom Jean Hardouin, a Benedictine monk, tried to show that the Catholic Church adopted pagan festivals for Christian purposes without paganizing the gospel. In the Julian calendar, created in 45 B. There were two temples of the sun in Rome, one of which maintained by the clan into which Aurelian was born or adopted celebrated its dedication festival on August 9th, the other of which celebrated its dedication festival on August 28th. But both of these cults fell into neglect in the second century, when eastern cults of the sun, such as Mithraism, began to win a following in Rome.

Dating Sim

Etymology[ edit ] Three etymologies were proposed by ancient erudites, each of them bearing implications about the nature of the god. In this etymology, the notion of Chaos would define the primordial nature of the god. This explanation has been accepted by A. It supports all the assimilations of Janus to the bright sky, the sun and the moon. A third etymology indicated by Cicero , Ovid and Macrobius , which explains the name as Latin, deriving it from the verb ire “to go” is based on the interpretation of Janus as the god of beginnings and transitions.

Sanskrit ” yana- ” or Avestan “yah-“, likewise with Latin “i-” and Greek “ei-“.

Ancient History and Culture. The Roman Empire and Qing Dynasty are now only ruins, but there’s far more to discover about the ancient world. Explore classical history, mythology, language and literature, and learn more about the many fascinating figures of the ancient world.

Why the Bible Cannot be the Word of God. Did Moses “write” the Exodus account or someone else, in other words is the Exodus an eye-witness account of the events? Obviously someone else is writing about Moses and describing his activities Cf. The Philistines are portrayed as being in Canaan in the days of Abraham circa B. Archaeology has established that the Philistines are the Pelest of Ramesside era records and they did not settle in Canaan until circa B.

Catholic Exodus date or B. Establishing the date “when” the Exodus account was written in the Holy Bible. The archaeological excavations revealed that some of the sites were in existence only in the 7th century B. How “reliable” is the Exodus account? Is it all true? A “mix” of truth and fiction? What are the clues?

Why Do Hollywood SJW’s Still Defend This Admitted Pedophile?

The Mythology of the Constellations Most ancient cultures saw pictures in the stars of the night sky. The earliest known efforts to catalogue the stars date to cuneiform texts and artifacts dating back roughly years. These remnants, found in the valley of the Euphrates River, suggest that the ancients observing the heavens saw the lion, the bull, and the scorpion in the stars. The constellations as we know them today are undoubtedly very different from those first few–our night sky is a compendium of images from a number of different societies, both ancient and modern.

Multiple Endings are the most commonly seen form of Story Branching in video games, used primarily to increase their Replay Value, especially visual novels, role playing games, Survival Horror, dating sims, and fighting ent strategies or levels of skill in play will result in different endings, rather than all leading to a single predetermined conclusion.

Carthage was a rich, flourishing Phoenician city-state that intended to dominate the Mediterranean area. The two cities were allies in the times of Pyrrhus, who was a menace to both, but with Rome’s hegemony in mainland Italy and the Carthaginian thalassocracy , these cities became the two major powers in the Western Mediterranean and their contention over the Mediterranean led to conflict. After the Carthaginian intercession, Messana asked Rome to expel the Carthaginians.

Rome entered this war because Syracuse and Messana were too close to the newly conquered Greek cities of Southern Italy and Carthage was now able to make an offensive through Roman territory; along with this, Rome could extend its domain over Sicily. Carthage was a maritime power, and the Roman lack of ships and naval experience would make the path to the victory a long and difficult one for the Roman Republic. Despite this, after more than 20 years of war, Rome defeated Carthage and a peace treaty was signed.

Among the reasons for the Second Punic War [36] was the subsequent war reparations Carthage acquiesced to at the end of the First Punic War. Rome fought this war simultaneously with the First Macedonian War. The war began with the audacious invasion of Hispania by Hannibal, the Carthaginian general who had led operations on Sicily in the First Punic War.

The Mythology of the Constellations

Section of Trajan’s Column , CE , with scenes from the Dacian Wars Early Roman art was influenced by the art of Greece and that of the neighbouring Etruscans , themselves greatly influenced by their Greek trading partners. An Etruscan speciality was near life size tomb effigies in terracotta , usually lying on top of a sarcophagus lid propped up on one elbow in the pose of a diner in that period.

As the expanding Roman Republic began to conquer Greek territory, at first in Southern Italy and then the entire Hellenistic world except for the Parthian far east, official and patrician sculpture became largely an extension of the Hellenistic style, from which specifically Roman elements are hard to disentangle, especially as so much Greek sculpture survives only in copies of the Roman period.

Vast numbers of Greek statues were imported to Rome, whether as booty or the result of extortion or commerce, and temples were often decorated with re-used Greek works.

In ancient Roman religion and myth, Janus (/ ˈ dʒ eɪ n ə s /; Latin: IANVS (Iānus), pronounced) is the god of beginnings, gates, transitions, time, duality, doorways, passages, and endings. He is usually depicted as having two faces, since he looks to the future and to the past. It is conventionally thought that the month of January is named for Janus (), but according to ancient Roman.

Vitellius 69 The Roman Empire “officially” begins by tradition in 27 BC when Octavian receives the title “Augustus” — which then becomes the name by which we know him. We might think that the Empire, Imperium, begins with Augustus becoming Emperor, Imperator, but that is not the case. Imperator simply means “commander,” and this had long been in use with a specific meaning.

An imperator was someone with a military command and imperium, which meant both military and civil authority in the area of his command. This made Julius Caesar essentially the dictator of Gaul , once he had conquered it. That was dangerous, indeed fatal, for the Republic; but in those terms Julius Caesar began the creation of the Roman Empire already as an “emperor. It accompanies the institutional changes that were effected or completed by Augustus. The institution thus created now gets called the “Principate,” from Princeps, “Prince” literally, “comes first”.

The idea of the Principate is that the forms of the Republic are retained, and the Emperor superficially is simply still an official of the Republic.

Ancient Rome

Etymology[ edit ] Three etymologies were proposed by ancient erudites, each of them bearing implications about the nature of the god. In this etymology the notion of Chaos would define the primordial nature of the god. This explanation has been accepted by A. It supports all the assimilations of Janus to the bright sky, the sun and the moon.

View Calculating Christmas. The Story Behind December 25 by William J. Tighe. M any Christians think that Christians celebrate Christ’s birth on December 25th because the church fathers appropriated the date of a pagan festival. Almost no one minds, except for a few groups on the fringes of American Evangelicalism, who seem to think that this makes Christmas itself a pagan festival.

In the former, it’s just Finagle’s Law: It can be used for cruel irony and very dark humour but has to be undeserved and unsatisfying in order to be different from the karmic one. Most common in genre anthologies with a darker tone than The Twilight Zone: Lighter-weight versions come up very often in shows where Failure Is the Only Option , especially when the show has run for a long time, and the writers need to contrive more and more extravagant reasons why the protagonists can’t win.

It can also be used as a shock subversion of a stereotypical happy ending. If it’s overused, it becomes a Mandatory Twist Ending. If the ending makes you wonder what the point of the story was, it can come across as a Shoot the Shaggy Dog. A particularly dark version can lead do Darkness-Induced Audience Apathy.

The Diabolus ex Machina also often gets involved. And Then John Was a Zombie is a subtrope. Compare Not Quite Saved Enough. As this is an Ending Trope , beware of spoilers.

The Mythology of the Constellations

Brown David is a lifelong dissident and intellectual rebel. He despises political correctness, which replaces real, needy victims with narcissistic leftists out for a free meal. Though still a young man, he has watched society descend into its present morass with great sadness, combined with a determination to help make things better. He tweets when there’s something worth tweeting here.

To its credit, Poland has heeded American calls to hold an extradition hearing for one Roman Polanski.

Roman art refers to the visual arts made in Ancient Rome and in the territories of the Roman art includes architecture, painting, sculpture and mosaic objects in metal-work, gem engraving, ivory carvings, and glass are sometimes considered in modern terms to be minor forms of Roman art, although this would not necessarily have been the case for contemporaries.

This is the main point of Experimental Comic Kotone. It ends up failing in an epic fashion. The World God Only Knows takes this to metafictional levels, featuring a Dating Sim otaku who captures escaped spirits by applying his knowledge of dating sims and their sub-genres. Done as a joke at a comicon in Japan, where Studio Pierrot showed a redubbed set of Bleach clips meant to be an advertisement for an upcoming dating sim. There’s two ‘dates’ in Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker , where you can go to the beach with either Paz or Kaz.

You speak to them using the Co-Op battle cries, and then if they like you you can invite them into the cardboard box for quality time. They’re parody, but both Paz and Kaz have different personalities which come out during the dates Paz likes being complimented and treated gently, Kaz likes being punched and Big Boss staring at his crotch with the binoculars. The fourth episode of the Haiyoru! Nyarani short flash animation. Nyarko is seen playing Lovecraft Plus. It’s an Inverted Dating Sim , the character has SAN among the character’s stats , which measure your resistance to the Yanderes who are after you.

Cruel Twist Ending

Fail to save either your wife or your son. The first Streets of Rage has two endings, the first of which has the heroes kicking ass on Mr. X and saving the city, and the other, which is only possible by having one character accept Mr.

Caught in that sensual music all neglect Monuments of unageing intellect. William Butler Yeats (–), “Sailing to Byzantium”. Rome casts a long shadow. I am writing in the Latin alphabet. I am using the Roman calendar, with its names of the months.

Beware the Ides of March! Roman Fasti Some fragments of Roman calendars have been found so far, and they are collectively known as Fasti. What did a Roman calendar look like? The Roman calendar used a system of months, and special days in each month. Some calendars were carved in marble or stone, but many were painted on walls for decoration. Different geographical areas often held different gods in special esteem, and this led to regional variations in calendars.

They accomplished this with the Julian Calendar. This change was accompanied by addition of an extra day every fourth year after February 23rd because of the almost six extra hours beyond days in a tropical year. How do you read the calendar? The Kalends were always the first day of the month. The Nones were usually the 5th but sometimes the 7th, and the Ides were the 15th but sometimes the 13th. The holidays were generally bunched together to form continuous celebrations, and the remaining days of the month were usually nondescript workdays.

The days were each identified with certain letters and names. The Kalends were always identified as shown in the diagram at right.

Multiple Endings

Glass paperweight which constantly floats exactly seven 7 centimeters above any given surface. Shattered in bizarre acapella accident. McCallum is currently being questioned. A drinking glass that visually appears to be able to hold a pint ml of fluid, but overflows when more than 35 ml is poured into it. A series of pornographic VHS tapes that, when rewound, would continually change actors, sets, and methods of coitus.

Multiple Endings are the most commonly seen form of Story Branching in video games, used primarily to increase their Replay Value, especially visual novels, role playing games, Survival Horror, dating sims, and fighting ent strategies or levels of skill in play will result in different endings, rather than all leading to a single predetermined conclusion.

Baron Karl Frederich Hieronymous von Munchausen John Neville , elderly His tale was about his alleged marvelous 18th century exploits, to an audience attending a play about his own life , while the city was under siege from Turkish hordes. The tale ended with the Baron’s shooting “death”- assassination by city official “The Right Ordinary Horatio Jackson” Jonathan Pryce during a victory parade and the taking of his soul by the Grim Reaper ‘doctor.

Inhabitants were forced to live in the walled, utopian city of Bregna ruled by the totalitarian Goodchild dynasty of genetic scientists. The opening voice-over described the entire situation: Some call Bregna the perfect society. Some call it the height of human civilization. But others know better. The Goodchilds built Bregna to ensure us a future.

They built the Relical – a memorial to remind us of what we’ve survived.

LOVE ME – A Good Husband + A Good Wife – All Endings!


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